♪ (CLASSICAL MUSIC PLAYS) ♪ PRESIDENT KERSTI KALJULAID:
We already know,
but we need to create quicklythe little space
so the technologyfeels comfortable here.For example, in Estonia,
you can see on the streets, -uh, package delivery robots.
-Mm-hmm. They work here.Our people are currentlylearning how to live
in the worldwhere some of us are people,
some of us are cars,and some of us are robots.Which is a huge valuable lesson.In the rest
of the developed world,people rely
on digitalized servicesin the private sector.In Estonia, this is also true
for the government.Ninety-nine percent
of our servicesare delivered online.We have given our people
digital passports,digital IDs, and they can use it
for all kinds of services. KRISHNA ANDAVOLU:
Estonia might be a tiny country,but it’s doing big things
when it comesto bringing technology
and government into lockstep,and they’re calling it
One and two. And one and two.-You’re good.
-You think so? Yeah, you’re a natural. KRISHNA: All right,
one sentence, what is e-Estonia? KOTKA: I think it’s an ecosystem
where private and public sector both work together to providing these complex services
for the people. You need both sectors
to work together. It can’t be only
the private sector -or only the government.
-KRISHNA: Yeah. -(KRISHNA YELLS)
-Whoa! (CHUCKLES) KRISHNA: Whoa! So that sounds like
the theory, right– KOTKA: No, it’s like–
it’s a practical thing. Do you know how many
tech lawyers are in Estonia? How many? (LAUGHS) Or we can do internet voting
and things like that. -We basically solve–
-Internet voting? -Yeah, voting over the internet.
I can show you like,how I can track my children
at school.Here’s an app. I can see my son here
against the class, and like top five, so, not bad. KRISHNA: And this is like
a public school, like everyone–
-Yeah, it’s a public– It’s mandatory. Every school
has to have a system. KRISHNA:Since the days
of the Soviet space program,Estonia has been a tech hub.And since their independence
in 1991,technology has been baked
into its institutions,especially education.TEACHER:
(SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE) INGRID MAADVERE:
In lots of Estonian schools,-there are 3-D printers.
-Really? MAADVERE:Just to print out–
this is easy,there are lots of designsbut they have to design
by themselves something.-KRISHNA: Mm-hmm.
-And this is important. To be a creator,
not only a consumer. BOY: (SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE) KRISHNA: So these kids designed
little shapes on a computer,and now they’re watching
their shapes be printedon a 3D printer.This is an education,
that frankly, is hard not to be
a little jealous of.They’re even thinking
about the bigger implicationsof algorithms
and autonomous robots.Marten Kaevats is the country’s
digital advisor.MARTEN KAEVATS:We’re
the first country in the worldthat can operate…our whole sovereignty
from the cloud.In case of occupation, we run it
from Luxembourg. -Wow.
-If you look at e-Estonia and the digital society
we have built, most fundamental innovations
are not technological, -but they are legal innovations.
-Mm-hmm. The idea that digital identities
are mandatory for all people. The idea that
a digital signature is equal to the paper one. There are very simple, robust,
legal innovations. KRISHNA:The secret to Estonia’s
future proofing is the databaseof personal information
the government safeguards.At birth, the government issues
every citizena unique ID number.But unlike a Social Security
number,Estonians don’t mind if theirs
is made public.So, we’re at a delivery floor
in Estonia, where newborns are immediately
plugged into the digital societyas soon as they’re born.(SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE) KRISHNA:
Have you guys picked out a name? -MOM: Stephen.
-KRISHNA: Stephen. Oh, hi. Hey, little Stephen. So this is the ID number
right here. -This is… Stephen’s number
-Yeah. -for life. There it is.
-Yeah. And then, that gets uploaded
to the government database? Immediately? -WOMAN: Yes.
-KRISHNA: Wow. -Add new birth here.
-KRISHNA: Right there. Boom. Add newborn.
So, you just hit a plus button and that’s how you add a person
to the country. (LAUGHS) That’s so funny.It’s hard to say if US citizens
would trust their governmentwith all their secrets,
but to Estonia’s leadership,data is the future
of personal identity.And so, the basic role
of government must shiftto ensure data safety
as much as physical safety.All governments say, “We protect
the data you have given to us,” yet how do they guarantee it? So if somebody from the police
is looking into my data, I will be notified and I can
query why they need it. -Really?
-Yes. And that guarantees me that I really, really, truly
own my data.This is the way the, uh,digital transparent
and honest state works.